Know Your Nebulizer Parts
Nebulization is done with the help of a nebulizer system or nebulizer kit. Jet nebulizers are the most widely used nebulizers and consist of 4 main parts.
The compressor is the part which fuels the working of the nebuliser system. It is a device which pumps the ambient/outside air forcefully through the nozzle which is attached to the tubing. The compressor is connected to a power source.
The tubing delivers the pressurized air from the compressor to the medication cup which converts the liquid medicine into vapour or aerosol or mist form.
3. Medication cup
This is the unit into which the liquid medicine is poured. In this cup, the liquid medicine is converted into aerosol or mist by the pressurized air pumped by the compressor through the tubing.
4. Face mask/ Mouthpiece
The face mask or the mouthpiece is the part that is worn by the patient and through which the medicine mist can be inhaled. If a face mask is used, ensure that it fits tightly. In the case of a mouthpiece, ensure that the mouthpiece is held firmly between the teeth with the lips covering it completely.
5. Nebulizer filter
Nebulizer filters are an important part of the nebulizer system. Nebulizers compress and pump the ambient air or oxygen, which helps convert the liquid medicine into an aerosolized medication. This air, before entering the medication cup, passes through the filter, which helps to remove particulate particles in the compressed air. The filter should be checked regularly and replaced when needed.
You should know about all the parts of your nebulization device and how to assemble them, maintain them and when to replace them so as to optimize the effectiveness of nebulization.
See the section: When to Replace Parts of the Nebulizer